Recently, Law no. 52/2015, of June 9, dictated the transfer of powers and functions from the central power to the local power, in the matter of the public passenger transport service. With its entry into force, the new legal framework for public passenger transport in Portugal was created, which led to the constitution of the Autoridade Intermunicipal de Transportes do Cávado. This law came to approve the Legal Regime of the Public Transport Service of Passengers (LRPTSP), which establishes the regime applicable to a wide range of skills in matters of public transportation.
This new Legal Regime provides a framework for the decentralization of competences, which until now were gathered in the Institute of Mobility and Transport, for CIMs and Municipalities. This time, the municipalities of Cávado became competent transport authorities for the public transport service of municipal passengers, while, for the Comunidade Intermunicipal do Cávado, competences were transferred regarding the public transport service of intermunicipal passengers that are developed integrally or mainly Within the NUT III Cávado.
In order to ensure a correct exercise of the competences now delegated, the Autoridade Intermunicipal do Transportes do Cávado was created, which has been working to train to respond to these new challenges.
This whole process resulted in a series of tasks and competences that came to be in the hands of the transport authorities. The definition of the strategic objectives of the mobility system, the planning, organization, operation, allocation, supervision, investment, financing, dissemination and development of the public passenger transport service are the tasks of the new authorities.
This diploma delegates to Municipalities and Intermunicipal Communities competences that until now were IMT, namely:
a) Organization, planning, development and articulation of the networks and lines of the public passenger transport service, as well as the equipment and infrastructures dedicated to it;
b) Exploitation by own means and / or the allocation to public service operators, through the conclusion of public service contracts or mere authorization, of the public passenger transport service;
c) Determination of public service obligations;
d) Investment in networks, equipment and infrastructures dedicated to the public passenger transport service, without prejudice to the investment to be made by the public service operators;
e) Financing of the public passenger transport service, as well as the networks, equipment and infrastructure dedicated to it, and financing of public service obligations and compensation for the provision of subsidized social tariffs determined by the transport authority;
f) Determination and approval of the tariff regimes to be applied in the scope of the public passenger transport service;
g) Receipt of counterparts for the right to operate a public passenger transport service;
h) Supervision and monitoring of the operation of the public passenger transport service;
i) Carrying out surveys on mobility within its geographical area;
j) Promoting the adoption of transport planning tools in the respective geographical area;
k) Disclosure of the public passenger transport service.
The aim of these competences is to promote greater efficiency and sustainable management of the public passenger transport service, as well as the universality of access and quality of services, economic, social and territorial cohesion, balanced development of the transport sector and intermodal articulation.